Tridax procumbens Linn (Family –Asteraceae common name- Dhaman grass) is a common herb found in India. Tridax procumbens is well known Ayurvedic. Common Name: Coat Buttons. Tridax procumbens. Plant growing in native habitat. Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Descriptions and articles about the Dagad-phul, scientifically known as Tridax procumbens in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive.


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The pappus on the achene aids water uptake from soil, promoting germination Pemadasa and Kangatharalingam, Synchronous germination of high densities of seedlings results in intra-specific competition and a reduction in subsequent seedling establishment.

Dry weight, plant height and leaf tridax procumbens index of T. In Nigeria, seedlings attain maximum increments in height and biomass after 12 weeks, after which the growth rate declines Ogbonnaya, The branches are more abundant near the soil surface.

Lateral roots angle sharply downward and are important in water and nutrient uptake. Tridax procumbens plants of T.

Tridax procumbens

In East Africa, flowering occurs 35 to 55 days after emergence, and seeds ripen within 3 weeks of tridax procumbens Popay and Ivens, The immune modulatory properties of ethanolic leaf extract of Tridax procumbens on swiss albino rats orogastrically dosed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa was analysed.

The results showed that ethanolic leaf extract of Tridax procumbents has immunomodulatory properties and it is able to inhibit proliferation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa [ 12 ] The essential oils extracted by steam distillation from tridax procumbens of Tridax procumbens were found to be promising as repellents against Anopheles stephensi and could be useful in the search for new natural repellent compounds [ 13 ].

Dried aqueous, alcoholic and pet-ether extract of leaves of Tridax procumbens were subjected for hypoglycemic activity in wistar rats g and blood sugar level was determined by glucometer.

These results show that Tridax procumbens is anti-diabetic in nature [ 14 ].


Out of ethanolic tridax procumbens petroleum ether extract, ethanolic extract showed positive activity. The results suggest that the Tridax procumbens plant possesses tridax procumbens activity [ 15 ].

Aqueous methanolic extracts of Tridax procumbens exhibited inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aurens strains indicating good antimicrobial activity.


The activity tridax procumbens done by agar-disc and well diffusion method [ 16 ]. The anti-inflammatory activity of Tridax procumbens was carried out on carrageenin-induced paw edema along with standard drug, Ibuprofen.

The ibuprofen tridax procumbens reduced paw edema. The effect of Tridax procumbens along with various dose regimen of Ibuprofen showed greater anti-inflammatory activity than the Ibuprofen alone [ 1718 ].

Tridax procumbens (coat buttons)

This plant exhibited broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and the results indicate that Tridax procumbens can be exploited for future antimicrobial drugs [ 20 ]. The anti-bacterial analysis of Tridax procumbens against different bacterial strains was analysed by comparing minimum inhibitory concentration and zone of inhibition with that of standard antibiotic discs of Vancomycin.

The results suggest that extract of Tridax procumbens has anti-bacterial properties [ 20 ]. The results from the investigation of the effect tridax procumbens Tridax procumbens on the weight, packed cell volume and plasma electrolyte profiles of salt loaded rats.

The results suggest that the anti-hypertensive action of Tridax procumbens may be mediated via reduction of tridax procumbens and alteration of plasma sodium and potassium levels and tridax procumbens addition suggests its use in the management of obesity and diabetes mellitus [ 21 ].

A Concise Review on Biological Activity of Tridax procumbens Linn

The reducing power ability analysed for antioxidant activity using the 1, 1-diphenylpicrylhdrazyl DPPH assay and for total phenolics using Follian-ciocalteu method. The tridax procumbens extract showed that Tridax procumbens tridax procumbens a percentage antioxidant activity of The reductive potential determination shows that Tridax procumbens has very significant reductive potential of 0.

The results of these analyses revealed the fact that plants are rich source of natural antioxidant [ 5 ].