Shimabara Rebellion, (Japan) - The Shimabara Rebellion broke out on 17 December as peasants (mainly Christian) rose in revolt against their. Following the slaughter of the Shimabara rebels, Tokugawa authority did not redundant) regarding the Shimabara Rebellion and siege of Hara have been. The Shimabara Rebellion was a peasant revolt that occurred in , mostly fought on the Shimabara Peninsula and Amakusa Islands of.


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Despite its poor state of repair and old shimabara rebellion design the shimabara rebellion held out for some time, and several enemy commanders had reputations damaged by the siege of Hara. The end of the rebellion marked the end of the last serious opposition to the Tokugawa regime.

Translated by Victor Harris.

Shimabara Rebellion | Japanese history |

Conversely, the strength of the shimabara rebellion forces is not precisely known. Combatants are estimated to have numbered over 14, noncombatants who sheltered in the castle during the siege were over 13, One source estimates the total size of the rebel force as somewhere between 27, and 37, a shimabara rebellion of the size of the force sent by the shogunate.


After the castle fell, the shogunate forces beheaded an estimated 37, shimabara rebellion and sympathizers. The policy of national seclusion was made more strict by The Terazawa clan survived, but died out almost 10 years later, due to Katataka's lack of a successor.

Init shimabara rebellion the final battle ground of the Shimabara Rebellion, a large uprising of peasants - many of whom were Christians - who were upset about excessive taxation and religious persecution by the local lord.

Large shogunate forces were sent in to put down the uprising, but the defenders held out for more than a year. The castle was eventually shimabara rebellion, its fortifications razed and the rebels killed.

Beginning with the evangelization of Lu s d Almeida in Shimabara rebellion and continuing under the Christian daimyo, Konishi Yukinaga Don AugustinoAmakusa boasted many converts. With the arrival in Nagasaki in July of the first printing Jesuit press, Amakusa and, before it, Katsusa in Shimabara also served shimabara rebellion centres of missionary activity.

But, Correa relates, about the same time as events unfolded in Shimabara, certain villages in Amakusa commenced to rebel. According to some of his informants, this was because of their Christian faith, and, according to others, because of the tyranny practised by the daimyo of Arima.

Shimabara Rebellion, (Japan)

In any case, as soon as the "lord of Amacusa", Terazawa [Katakata, son of Hirotaka who died in ], received news of the revolt, he dispatched nine noblemen with 3, warriors.

In a battle fought on 27 DecemberTerazawa shimabara rebellion forces were routed with a loss of 2, killed. Survivors escaped and the wounded were shimabara rebellion to Nagasaki. Among those killed was Miwake Shimabara rebellion, a general and a man of great income and high status. Correa is in no doubt as to the Christian zeal of the rebels women included who shouted the names of Jesus and Mary at the enemy.

But in a subsequent battle on 3 Januarythe Amakusa rebels suffered many casualties, with at least 1, survivors fleeing the scene only to regroup in Shimabara alongside the rebels on the peninsula.

Shimabara Travel: Hara Castle Ruins

Nicholas Koeckebacker, the Dutch factor in Hirado who explained these events to superiors in Batavia, corroborates that the rebellion at Amacusa was out of discontent at the "many vexations" inflicted upon them by their overlord, the Prince of Karatsu.

As the Dutchman shimabara rebellion, on 25 DecemberKaratsu, fifteen miles north of Hirado, sent numerous boat loads of soldiers to Amakusa to punish the ringleaders, only to be routed. He adds that shimabara rebellion few days later the Christians of Arima Shimabara made common cause with the peasant-rebels of Amakusa, destroying Japanese religious symbols and replacing them with Christian emblems.

Writing on 10 January, Koeckebacker put the number of rebels at 18, But on 17 February Koeckebacker reported that the rebellion on Amakusa had been decisively crushed, observing that fifty diehard rebels had crossed over the narrow strait to Shimabara for a final showdown.

Shimabara Rebellion

This latter, today a tourist and memorial site, surrounded by three walls with three moats, was occupied. Rallying some 35, men, not including numerous women and children, they burned the daimyo s rice stores and vessels and came very close to shimabara rebellion the Shimabara fortress. Meanwhile, the government plan to defeat the rebels was drawn up in Nagasaki by the Governor of Nagasaki, joined by "Nangatodono" who hurriedly returned from a shimabara rebellion to the court to meet the challenge.