In other cases, however, the IASB has preserved the references to the definition of assets and liabilities in the Conceptual Framework. Whole set of IFRS stands on the principles defined in the Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting (IFRS Framework). Learn about it here (with video). The revised Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting (Conceptual Disclosure Initiative—Definition of Material (Amendments to IAS 1 and IAS 8).


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If, most large companies, which will comply with Indian ifrs framework standards convergent with IFRS in the first phase, choose one of the international firms, Indian accounting firms and smaller companies will not benefit from the learning in the first phase of the transition to IFRS.

It is likely that international firms will protect their learning to retain their competitive advantage. Ifrs framework, it is for the benefit of the country that each company makes judicious choice of the accounting firm as its partner without limiting its choice to ifrs framework accounting firms.

International Financial Reporting Standards

Public sector companies should take the lead and the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ICAI should develop a clear strategy to diffuse the learning.

Size of companies The government has decided to measure the size of companies in terms ifrs framework net worth. This is not the ideal unit to measure the size of a company.

Net worth in the balance sheet is determined by accounting principles and methods. Therefore, it does not include ifrs framework value of intangible assets.

Conceptual Framework – The new foundation for IFRS | KPMG | GLOBAL

Moreover, as most assets and liabilities are measured at historical cost, the net worth does not reflect the current value ifrs framework those assets and liabilities. Market capitalisation is a better measure of the size of a company. But it is difficult to estimate market capitalisation or fundamental value of unlisted companies.

Ifrs framework might be the reason that the government has decided to use 'net worth' to measure size of companies.

IFRS Essentials by Norbert Lüdenbach, Dieter Christian

ifrs framework Some companies, which are large in terms of fundamental value or which intend to attract foreign capital, might prefer to use Indian accounting standards convergent with IFRS earlier than required under the road map presented by the government. The government should provide that choice.


GAAP beyon the fiscal year ending 31 March It has issued Nepal Financial Reporting Standards in Ifrs framework version of standards almost resembles IFRS with slight modification.

Effective for the annual periods beginning on or after 1 January Russia[ edit ] The government of Russia has been implementing a program to harmonize its national accounting standards with IFRS since Since then twenty new accounting standards were issued by the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation aiming ifrs framework align accounting practices with IFRS.

Since all commercial banks have been obliged to prepare financial statements in accordance with both Russian accounting standards and IFRS.

Key Features of the New IFRS Conceptual Framework - The Ledger

They notably include the booking of reserves for bad debts and contingent liabilities and the devaluation of inventory and financial assets. Still, several differences between the two sets of account still remain.

Qualitative characteristics of useful financial information The qualitative characteristics of useful financial reporting identify the types of information are likely to be most useful to users in making decisions about the reporting entity on the basis of information in its financial report.

The qualitative characteristics apply equally to financial information in general purpose financial reports as well as to financial ifrs framework provided in other ways. The usefulness of financial information is enhanced if it is comparable, verifiable, timely and ifrs framework.


Financial information is capable of making a difference in decisions if it has predictive value, confirmatory value, or both. The predictive value and confirmatory value of financial information are interrelated. To be useful, financial information must not only be relevant, it must also represent faithfully the phenomena it ifrs framework to represent.

Faithful representation ifrs framework representation of the substance of an economic phenomenon instead of representation of its legal form only.


Prudence is the exercise of caution when making judgements under conditions of uncertainty. Comparability enables users to identify ifrs framework understand similarities in, and differences among, items. This may bring some liabilities on the balance sheet earlier than at present.