Hybrydyzacja. Aktualny . So in the first energy level, there is only an s orbital. And so that s orbital holds a. 1 Przykład: hybrydyzacja orbitali walencyjnych węgla Atom C: 4 elektrony Na każdym orbitalu zhybrydyzowanym jest 1 elektron, Tetraedr = czworościan. Orbitale o hybrydyzacji sp3 oraz wiązania sigma - film z polskimi napisami · Wiązania pi i orbitale o.


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Hybrydyzacja Transkrypcja filmu video In this video, we're going to look at how to draw dot structures of simple organic molecules that have single bonds. So if I look at the molecular formula CH4, which is methane, and I want to draw a dot structure for the methane molecule, I would go over here to my organic periodic table and find carbon.

And I can see hybrydyzacja orbitali is in group IV. Therefore, carbon will have four valence electrons. hybrydyzacja orbitali

Wzory elektronowe kropkowe I: wiązania pojedyncze (film) | Khan Academy

So I can draw a carbon hybrydyzacja orbitali its four valence electrons around it like that. Remember from general chemistry, valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level.


So carbon has four valence electrons in its outermost energy level. Next, I have to think about hydrogen.

Budowa kątowa

And hydrogen is in group I on the periodic table. Therefore, hydrogen will have one valence electron.

And so I can go ahead and put a hydrogen in there with one valence electron. And I know I have to hybrydyzacja orbitali that three more times.

Wzory elektronowe kropkowe I: wiązania pojedyncze

So Hybrydyzacja orbitali keep putting in hydrogens, each with one valence electron, so a total of four hydrogens. And now I can start connecting my dots. I know that two valence electrons equals one single covalent bond. So there is a hybrydyzacja orbitali covalent bond.

There is a single covalent bond. And then I have two more here. So this is my complete dot structure for hybrydyzacja orbitali. Now I can see that carbon is surrounded by eight electrons hybrydyzacja orbitali.

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So we can go ahead and highlight those. So if I'm hybrydyzacja orbitali the electrons around carbon, hybrydyzacja orbitali would be two, four, six, and eight, like that. And eight electrons around carbon makes carbon very stable.


And if we look at the periodic table, we can see why. So if I look at the second period, I can see that the hybrydyzacja orbitali electrons for carbon would be one, two, three, and four.

And to get to eight electrons, we would hybrydyzacja orbitali five, six, seven, eight. So if carbon is surrounded by eight electrons, it's like it has the electron configuration of a noble gas, which makes it very stable, hybrydyzacja orbitali all of the orbitals in that energy level are now full.

So an octet of electrons is the maximum number of electrons for carbon.

Category:Hybridized atomic orbitals

If we look at hydrogen, we can see that each hydrogen is surrounded by two electrons. And so if I find hydrogen here, hydrogen is in the first energy level. And so here's one electron and here's two electrons.

So in the first energy level, there is hybrydyzacja orbitali an s orbital. And so that s orbital holds a maximum of two hybrydyzacja orbitali.

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