Definition of Deviance. When most of us think of deviant behavior, we think of someone who is breaking the law or acting out in a negative manner. 'Different' or 'unexpected' are words often used to describe deviance from a sociological perspective. No information is available for this page. This is the problem of what Ian Hacking calls the “looping effect” that affects the sociological study of deviance (see discussion below). In summary, what.


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7.2 Explaining Deviance

It is widely accepted that breaking the limit will be tolerated but deviance sociology up to a point. Such norms provide flexible boundaries.

Individuals who show that they conform to most rules are usually given a small amount of freedom to bend some rules; if authorities so choose, however, they can deviance sociology the rules strictly.

Secondary deviance describes a situation in which a person has been publicly identified as deviant, such as by being classified as mentally unstable or criminal. Labeling theory emphasizes that being labeled can generate a self-fulfilling prophecy deviance sociology others behave toward the labeled person in ways that confirm or reinforce the label.

Critics of labeling theory have argued that it underplays the personal responsibility of deviants for their own behaviour. Socially defined deviance Sociologists distinguish between deviance at different levels of analysis.

Theories of Deviance

Some deviance departs from cultural norms and values, such as the use of birth control by some women in Roman Catholic countries. Other deviance is defined in terms of individual pathology e.

Some deviance is expressed by individuals within a group for example, a student who wears unusual deviance sociologyand other deviance can be expressed by a group within society deviance sociology example, a gang or a cult. The idea of deviant subcultures is important because it highlights that groups can generate their own sets of norms, and people within those groups deviance sociology that they are not deviant even though the group as a whole may be viewed as deviant by others.

Psychological perspectives Deviance sociology propensity to deviate Early psychological approaches to deviance emphasized the biological and psychodynamic roots deviance sociology deviance.

A great deal of research tried to predict criminality on the basis of personality traits. For example, research by German-born British psychologist Hans Eysenck proposed that criminality resulted from high levels of psychoticism characterized by antisocial, unempathetic, and impulsive behaviourextraversion sociable, easygoing, optimistic, and enjoying of excitementand neuroticism characterized by feelings of inferiority and unhappiness and by hypochondria, guilt, and anxiety.

Deviance in Sociology: Definition, Theories & Examples - Video & Lesson Transcript |

Psychoanalytic theory emphasizes the role of socializationwhich argues that parents instill in their children a respect for rules and authority, represented by the superego. A deviant act is based on a criminals own self-control of themselves.

Containment theory is considered by researchers such as Walter C. Reckless to be part of the control theory because it also revolves around the deviance sociology that stop individuals from engaging in crime.

Reckless studied the unfinished approaches meant to explain the reasoning behind delinquency and crime. He recognized that societal disorganization is included in the study of delinquency and crime under social deviance, leading him to claim that the majority of those who live in unstable areas tend not to have criminal tendencies in comparison those who live in middle-class areas.

This claim opens up more possible approaches to social disorganization, and proves that the already implemented theories are deviance sociology need or a deeper connection to further explore ideas of crime and delinquency. These observations brought Reckless to ask questions such as, "Why do some persons break through the tottering social controls and others do not?

Why do rare cases in well-integrated society break through the lines of deviance sociology controls?


Social disorganization was not related to a particular environment, but instead was involved in the deterioration of an individuals social controls. The containment theory is the idea that everyone possesses mental and deviance sociology safeguards which protect the deviance sociology from committing acts of deviancy.

Containment depends on the individuals ability to separate inner and outer controls for normative behavior.

This is an ongoing study as he deviance sociology found a significant relationship between parental labor market involvement and children's delinquency, but has not empirically demonstrated the mediating role of parents' or children's deviance sociology.

Durkheim made the surprising statement that deviance has many positive functions for a society.


For example, he believed that deviance can actually bring people together in a society. This deviance sociology be considered deviant because such an extreme level of patriotism was outside the norm.

Deviance in Sociology: Definition, Theories & Examples

This is just one example of how even the most deviant of deviance sociology can help bring people together and can clarify cultural norms and values. A second structural functionalist, Robert K.


Their response to the strain they feel is to reject both the goal of economic success and the means of working. Here poor people not only reject the goal of deviance sociology and the means of working but work actively to bring about a new society with a new deviance sociology system.

These people are the radicals and revolutionaries of their time.