Following are the presentation about the common birds of West Bengal with photographs. Vegetation Spectrum: Strychnos nux-vomica, Melia azadirachta, Stephania hernandifolia, Mikania scandens, Trema orientalis, Bamusa sp., Mangifera indica, Tinospora cordifolia, Ficus sp., Pothos sp., Phyllanthus reticulatus, etc. Few Common Birds In Kolkata Part 1. White-breasted Kingfisher. Greater Coucal photographed by Arindam Halder. Red Munia from Rajarhat Grasslands. Male Pheasant-tailed Jacana in breeding plumage. White-breasted Waterhen in central park, salt lake. Common Tailorbird in Kolkata. Coppersmith Barbet in central park, salt. The bird life of West Bengal is rich. More than species have been identified within the state, including some extremely rare ones and near-threatened.


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The flight of the white-throated kingfisher is rapid and direct, the short rounded wings whirring.

State bird of West Bengal - complete detail - updated

During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. They also raise their bill high and display the white throat and front.

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Weigh between 65 to 85 g. Flanks and lower belly are chestnut, and the throat and breast are white. In flight, large white patches are visible on the blue and black wings. Both Sexes are similar, but juveniles are a duller version birds of west bengal the adult. And this is why I write this article, in the simplest way I can, to assist the common people birds of west bengal connect with few of the common birds found in the city.


White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis White-breasted Kingfisher Locally known as the Shada buk machranga in Kolkatathis bird is often considered as the only kingfisher that can be seen in the city and which is a very wrong concept.

There are 4 types of more kingfishers that are birds of west bengal seen commonly in and around the city.


The misconception that occurs with this bird is that it is often mistaken with the other 3 out of the 4 kingfishers, as it is seen most commonly among the other 4. In years, the species has adapted accordingly in the urban habitat and is often found to be very friendly with humans.

Birds of west bengal seen near any water body, it feeds extensively on small fishes, crabs, lizards etc. White breasted kingfisher is also the state bird of West bengal Greater Coucal photographed by Arindam Birds of west bengal Locally known as the Kubo in Kolkata, the greater coucal is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes.

The bird is extensively insectivorous though it often feeds on small reptiles, frogs, eggs and nestlings of other birds.

Category:Birds of West Bengal - Wikimedia Commons

They are very weak fliers and are often seen clambering in vegetation or foraging on the ground for insects. The bird is often heard during the late afternoons with a note of low pitched oop, with decreasing intensity.

Red munia Amandava amandava Red Munia from Rajarhat Grasslands Also known as the Strawberry finch and Red Avadavatthis sparrow like bird can mostly be seen in the outskirts of Kolkata, with typical grassland habitats.

The finch can be easily identified from its red color with white spots on its wings and thus birds of west bengal known as the Lal Munia in bengali.

Bird Species of West Bengal, India

The bird is usually seen during the winters and is often mistaken as a winter migrant. Winter is the breeding season for Red munias and the males have a prominent blood red plumage all over the body which is also known as the breeding plumage, females are yellowish with less white spots with a red rump which birds of west bengal also visible in the males.

Both sexes have a red bill. One of the places where this bird can be seen exclusively is rajarhat grasslands, opposite to Eco park.

Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Male Pheasant-tailed Jacana in breeding plumage Locally known as birds of west bengal Jal Mayurthe Pheasant-tailed Jacanas are a group of birds from the wader family, usually found in lakes and ponds with thick vegetation. Though the birds are capable of swimming but are mostly seen walking on the floating birds of west bengal.

Monsoon is the breeding season for these birds, and these are the only Jacanas to have a separate breeding plumage during the breeding season, where the male sports a beautiful long pheasant like tail.